Have you ever wished to have a (turbulence) measurements time-series at each turbine position of your planned or existing wind farm? Now, you can get something outstandingly similar: Vortex Large Eddy Simulation time series.
For microscale applications, the WRF model uses a CFD algorithm based on the LES approach. When WRF is coupled with the LES model, the result is commonly known as the WRF-LES model. This means that simulations are run as normal but turbulence parameterization is replaced by the LES model and hence, turbulent eddies are explicitly solved.
Vortex has improved the source code in two ways: i) the problem of lateral boundary conditions (LBC) has been solved by including a perturbation in the potential temperature, and ii) the WRF model source code has been improved through optimization of computational needs. The modified version of the models is called Vortex-LES.